Specifications Manual for Joint Commission National Quality Measures (v2019A)

Home » Total Hip and Total Knee Replacement Outpatient (THKR-OP)

Release Notes:
Measure Information Form
Version 2019A


Total Hip and Total Knee Replacement Outpatient (THKR-OP)

Set Measures

Set Measure ID Measure Short Name
THKR-OP-1 Regional Anesthesia
THKR-OP-2 Postoperative Ambulation on Day of Surgery
THKR-OP-3 Discharged to Home
THKR-OP-4 Preoperative Functional/Health Status Assessment

General Data Elements

Element Name Collected For
Birthdate All Records,
Hispanic Ethnicity All Records,
ICD-10-CM Other Diagnosis Codes All Records, Optional for HBIPS-2, HBIPS-3
ICD-10-CM Principal Diagnosis Code All Records, Optional for HBIPS-2, HBIPS-3
Payment Source All Records, Optional for HBIPS-2 and HBIPS-3
Race All Records,
Sex All Records,

Measure Set Specific Data Elements

Element Name Collected For
Ambulation THKR-OP-2
Ambulation Date THKR-OP-2
Ambulation Time THKR-OP-2
CPT® Code Procedure Date THKR-OP-2, THKR-OP-4
CPT® Codes with Modifier THKR-OP
Discharge Code THKR-OP-2, THKR-OP-3
Outpatient Departure Date THKR-OP-2
Outpatient Encounter Date THKR-OP
PACU Discharge Date THKR-OP-2
PACU Discharge Time THKR-OP-2
Postoperative ICU Admit or Transfer THKR-OP-2
Preoperative Assessments Completed THKR-OP-4
Preoperative Assessments Completion Date THKR-OP-4
Reason for No Regional Anesthesia THKR-OP-1
Reason for Not Ambulating the Day of Surgery THKR-OP-2
Reason for Not Discharging Patient to Home THKR-OP-3
Regional Anesthesia THKR-OP-1
Resident of Other Health Care Facility THKR-OP-3

THKR-OP Initial Patient Population

The THKR measure set is unique in that there are two distinct strata within the measure set, each identified by a specific group of CPT® Codes with Modifier, or lack thereof. The patients in each stratum are counted in the Initial Patient Population of multiple measures.

The population of the THKR-OP measure set is identified using 4 data elements:
  • CPT® Codes with Modifier
  • Outpatient Encounter Date
  • ICD-10-CM Principal or Other Diagnosis Code
  • Birthdate

Patients seen in the outpatient setting are included in the THKR-OP measure set if they have:

CPT® Codes with Modifier is at least one on Appendix A, Table 14.01b, 14.02b, 14.03b, 14.04b, a Patient Age (Outpatient Encounter Date minus Birthdate) greater than or equal to 18 years, CPT® Codes with Modifier is none on Appendix A, Table 14.05b, 14.06b, 14.07b, and an ICD-10-CM Principal or other Diagnosis Code is none on Table 14.08, 14.09.

And are eligible to be sampled for:

1 – Stratum 1 – If patients have CPT® Codes with Modifier as defined in Appendix A, Table 14.01b, 14.03b are included in the THKR-OP stratum-1 and are eligible to be sampled.

2 – Stratum 2 – If patients have CPT® Codes with Modifier on as defined in Appendix A, Table 14.02b, 14.04b.are included in the THKR-OP stratum-2 and are eligible to be sampled.


Initial Patient Population Algorithm

Total Hip and Total Knee Replacement Outpatient (THKR-OP) Initial Patient Population Algorithm Narrative

Variable Key: Patient Age, and Outpatient Initial Patient Population Reject Case Flag

  1. Start THKR Initial Patient Population logic sub-routine. Process all cases that have successfully reached the point in the Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical which calls this Initial Patient Population Algorithm. Do not process cases that have been rejected before this point in the Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical.
  2. Check CPT® Codes with Modifier
    1. If the CPT® Codes with Modifier is all missing or none on Table 14.01b, 14.02b, 14.03b, 14.04b, the patient is not in the THKR Outpatient Initial Patient Population and is not eligible to be sampled for the THKR Outpatient measure set. Set the Initial Patient Population Reject Case Flag to equal Yes. Return to Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical in the Data Transmission section.
    2. If there is at least one CPT® Codes with Modifier on Table 14.01b, 14.02b, 14.03b, 14.04b, continue processing and proceed to Patient Age Calculation.
  3. Calculate Patient Age. Patient Age, in years, is equal to the Outpatient Encounter Date minus the Birthdate. Use the month and day portion of admission date and birthdate to yield the most accurate age.
  4. Check Patient Age:
    1. If the Patient Age is less than 18 years, the patient is not in the THKR Outpatient Initial Patient Population and is not eligible to be sampled for the THKR Outpatient measure set. Set the OP Initial Patient Population Reject Case Flag to equal Yes. Return to Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical in the Data Transmission section.
    2. If the Patient Age is greater than or equal to 18 years, continue processing and proceed to CPT® Codes with Modifier.
  5. Check CPT® Codes with Modifier
    1. If there is at least one CPT® Codes with Modifier is on Table 14.05b, 14.06b, 14.07b, the patient is not in the THKR Outpatient Initial Patient Population and is not eligible to be sampled for the THKR Outpatient measure set. Set the OP Initial Patient Population Reject Case Flag to equal Yes. Return to Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical in the Data Transmission section.
    2. If there is no CPT® Codes with Modifier on Table 14.05b, 14.06b, 14.07b, continue processing and proceed to ICD-10-CM Principal or Other Diagnosis Code Check.
  6. Check ICD-10-CM Principal or Other Diagnosis Code
    1. If there is at least one ICD-10-CM Principal or Other Diagnosis Code on Table 14.08, TABLE14.09, the patient is not in the THKR Outpatient Initial Patient Population and is not eligible to be sampled for the THKR Outpatient measure set. Set the OP Initial Patient Population Reject Case Flag to equal Yes. Return to Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical in the Data Transmission section.
    2. If there is no ICD-10-CM Principal or Other Diagnosis Code on Table 14.08, 14.09, the patient is in the THKR Outpatient Initial Patient Population. Set the OP Initial Patient Population Reject Case Flag to equal No. Continue processing and proceed to CPT® Codes with Modifier to determine the stratification.
  7. Check CPT® Codes with Modifier
    1. If the CPT® Codes with Modifier on Table 14.01b, 14.03b, the patient is in the 1st THKR Outpatient stratum and patient is eligible to be sampled for the 1st THKR Outpatient Stratum. Include the patient in the Initial Patient Population for the appropriate measures. Return to Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical in the Data Transmission section.
    2. If the CPT® Codes with Modifier on Table 14.02b, 14.04b, the patient is in the 2nd THKR Outpatient stratum and patient is eligible to be sampled for the 2nd THKR Outpatient Stratum. Include the patient in the Initial Patient Population for the appropriate measures. Return to Transmission Data Processing Flow: Clinical in the Data Transmission section.


Sampling / Sample Size Requirements

Abstract a minimum of 10 outpatient hip cases and 10 outpatient knee cases per month (e.g. 20 cases for July, 20 cases for August, etc.).

  • If a site has a monthly population of 10 or less outpatient hip cases, abstract all outpatient hip cases. Similarly, if 10 or less outpatient knee cases per month were performed, abstract all outpatient knee cases.
  • If a site has a monthly population of greater than 10 outpatient hip cases, it is acceptable to abstract a sample of 10 hip cases. Similarly, if more than 10 outpatient knee cases per month were performed, it is acceptable to abstract a sample of 10 knee cases.

Sampling is a process of selecting a representative part of a population in order to estimate the organization’s performance, without collecting data for its entire population. Using a statistically valid sample, an organization can measure its performance in an effective and efficient manner. Sampling is a particularly useful technique for performance measures that require primary data collection from a source such as the medical record. Sampling should not be used unless the organization has a large number of cases in the Initial Patient Population because a fairly large number of sample cases are needed to achieve a representative sample of the population. For the purpose of sampling the project measures, the terms “sample” and “case” are defined as: “sample” is the fraction of the population that is selected for further study; “case” refers to a single record (or an episode of care [EOC]) within the population. Organizations are NOT required to sample their data. If sampling offers minimal benefit (i.e., a hospital has 13 cases for the month and must select a sample of 10 cases), the organization may choose to use all cases.

Sampling Approaches Simple random sampling - selecting a sample size (n) from a population of size (N) in such a way that every case has the same chance of being selected. Systematic random sampling - selecting every kth record from a population of size N in such a way that a sample size of n is obtained, where k ≤ N/n. The first sample record (i.e., the starting point) must be randomly selected before taking every kth record. This is a two-step process: a) randomly select the starting point by choosing a number between one and k using a table of random numbers or a computer-generated random number; and b) then select every kth record thereafter until the selection of the sample size is completed.


Measure Information Form THKR-OP
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Specifications Manual for Joint Commission National Quality Measures (v2019A)
Discharges 07-01-19 (3Q19) through 12-31-19 (4Q19)

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