Specifications Manual for Joint Commission National Quality Measures (v2019A)

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Measure Information Form
Version 2019A

**NQF-ENDORSED VOLUNTARY CONSENSUS STANDARDS FOR HOSPITAL CARE**

Measure Information Form

Measure Set: Stroke (STK)

Set Measure ID: STK-10

Performance Measure Name: Assessed for Rehabilitation

Description: Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke patients who were assessed for rehabilitation services.

Rationale: Each year about 700,000 people experience a new or recurrent stroke, which is the nation's third leading cause of death. Approximately two thirds of these individuals survive and require rehabilitation. Stroke is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the United States, with about 4.4 million stroke survivors alive today. Forty percent of stroke patients are left with moderate functional impairment and 15 to 30 percent with severe disability. More than 60% of those who have experienced stroke, serious injury, or a disabling disease have never received rehabilitation. Stroke rehabilitation should begin as soon as the diagnosis of stroke is established and life-threatening problems are under control. Among the high priorities for stroke are to mobilize the patient and encourage resumption of self-care activities as soon as possible. A considerable body of evidence indicates better clinical outcomes when patients with stroke are treated in a setting that provides coordinated, multidisciplinary stroke-related evaluation and services. Effective rehabilitation interventions initiated early following stroke can enhance the recovery process and minimize functional disability. The primary goal of rehabilitation is to prevent complications, minimize impairments, and maximize function.

Type Of Measure: Process

Improvement Noted As: Increase in the rate

Numerator Statement: Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke patients assessed for or who received rehabilitation services.
Included Populations: Not applicable

Excluded Populations: None

Data Elements:

Denominator Statement: Ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke patients.
Included Populations: Discharges with an ICD-10-CM Principal Diagnosis Code for ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke as defined in Appendix A, Table 8.1 or Table 8.2.

Excluded Populations:
  • Patients less than 18 years of age
  • Patients who have a Length of Stay greater than 120 days
  • Patients with Comfort Measures Only documented
  • Patients enrolled in clinical trials
  • Patients admitted for Elective Carotid Intervention
  • Patients discharged to another hospital
  • Patients who left against medical advice
  • Patients who expired
  • Patients discharged to home for hospice care
  • Patients discharged to a health care facility for hospice care

Data Elements:

Risk Adjustment: No.

Data Collection Approach: Retrospective data sources for required data elements include administrative data and medical records. Some hospitals may prefer to gather data concurrently by identifying patients in the population of interest. This approach provides opportunities for improvement at the point of care/service. However, complete documentation includes the principal or other ICD-10 diagnosis and procedure codes, which require retrospective data entry.

Data Accuracy: Variation may exist in the assignment of ICD-10 codes; therefore, coding practices may require evaluation to ensure consistency.

Measure Analysis Suggestions: None

Sampling: Yes. Please refer to the measure set specific sampling requirements and for additional information see the Population and Sampling Specifications section.

Data Reported As: Aggregate rate generated from count data reported as a proportion.

Selected References:
  • Bates, B., J. Y. Choi, P. W. Duncan, J. J. Glasberg, G. D. Graham, R. C. Katz, K. Lamberty, et al. "Veterans Affairs/Department of Defense Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Adult Stroke Rehabilitation Care: Executive Summary." [In eng]. Stroke 36, no. 9 (Sep 2005): 2049-56.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Prevalence and Most Common Causes of Disability among Adults--United States, 2005." [In eng]. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 58, no. 16 (May 1 2009): 421-6.
  • Duncan, P. W., R. Zorowitz, B. Bates, J. Y. Choi, J. J. Glasberg, G. D. Graham, R. C. Katz, K. Lamberty, and D. Reker. "Management of Adult Stroke Rehabilitation Care: A Clinical Practice Guideline." [In eng]. Stroke 36, no. 9 (Sep 2005): e100-43.
  • Foley, N., R. Teasell, S. Bhogal, and M. Speechley. "The Efficacy of Stroke Rehabilitation." In, (2011): 1-50.
  • http://www.ebrsr.com/evidence-review/5-efficacy-stroke-rehabilitation
  • Gresham, G. E., P. W. Duncan, W. B. Stason, H. P. Adams, A. M. Adelman, D. N. Alexander, D. S. Bishop et al. "Post-stroke rehabilitation. Clinical practice guideline, no. 16. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services." Public Health Service, Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (1995): 95-0062.
  • Kalra, L., A. Evans, I. Perez, M. Knapp, C. Swift, and N. Donaldson. "A Randomised Controlled Comparison of Alternative Strategies in Stroke Care." [In eng]. Health Technol Assess 9, no. 18 (May 2005): iii-iv, 1-79.
  • Keith, R. A. "Rehabilitation after Stroke: Cost-Effectiveness Analyses." [In eng]. J R Soc Med 89, no. 11 (Nov 1996): 631-3.
  • Langhorne, P., B. O. Williams, W. Gilchrist, and K. Howie. "Do Stroke Units Save Lives?" [In eng]. Lancet 342, no. 8868 (Aug 14 1993): 395-8.
  • "Management of Patients with Stroke: Rehabilitation, Prevention and Management of Complications, and Discharge Planning. A National Clinical Guideline." In, (2002). http://www.nhsggc.org.uk/content/mediaassets/pdf/HSD/sign64.pdf.
  • Management of Stroke Rehabilitation Working Group. VA/DoD clinical practice guideline for the management of stroke rehabilitation. Washington (DC): Veterans Health Administration, Department of Defense; 2010.
  • Moodie, M., D. Cadilhac, D. Pearce, C. Mihalopoulos, R. Carter, S. Davis, G. Donnan, and Scopes Study Group. "Economic Evaluation of Australian Stroke Services: A Prospective, Multicenter Study Comparing Dedicated Stroke Units with Other Care Modalities." [In eng]. Stroke 37, no. 11 (Nov 2006): 2790-5.
  • Noorani, H. Z., B. Brady, L. McGahan, R. Teasell, B. Skidmore, and T. J. Doherty. "Stroke Rehabilitation Services: Systematic Reviews of the Clinical and Economic Evidence." In Ottawa: Canadian Coordinating, Office for Health Technology Assessment, 2003.
  • Ottenbacher, K. J., and S. Jannell. "The Results of Clinical Trials in Stroke Rehabilitation Research." [In eng]. Arch Neurol 50, no. 1 (Jan 1993): 37-44.
  • "Outcomes in Stroke Rehabilitation." Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation 12, no. 4 (Fall 2005): 1-10, 11-19, 20-27, 28-36, 37-49.
  • Powers WJ, Rabinstein AA, Ackerson T, Adeoye OM, Bambakidis NC, Becker K, Biller J, et al; on behalf of the American Heart Association Stroke Council. 2018 Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke. 2018 Jan;49:e39.
  • "Rehabilitation Helps Stroke Patients Recover Skills ". American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, http://www.aapmr.org/patients/conditions/neurologic/Pages/recover.aspx.
  • Saka, O., V. Serra, Y. Samyshkin, A. McGuire, and C. C. Wolfe. "Cost-Effectiveness of Stroke Unit Care Followed by Early Supported Discharge." [In eng]. Stroke 40, no. 1 (Jan 2009): 24-9.
  • Stroke, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and. "Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Fact Sheet." http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/poststrokerehab.htm.
  • "Urgency Key but Perseverance Pays Off." American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. http://www.zoominfo.com/CachedPage/?archive_id=0&page_id=389260562&page_url=//www.aapmr.org/condtreat/rehab/strokeusa.htm&page_last_updated=2010-07-28T02:27:25&firstName=Charles&lastName=Levy

Measure Algorithm:

Measure Information Form STK-10
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Specifications Manual for Joint Commission National Quality Measures (v2019A)
Discharges 07-01-19 (3Q19) through 12-31-19 (4Q19)

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